DAEDALUS AND ICARUS
The most familiar literary telling explaining Daedalus’ wings is a late one by Ovid in his Metamorphoses.
After Theseus and Ariadne eloped together, Daedalus and his son Icarus were imprisoned by King Minos in the labyrinth that he had built. He could not leave Crete by sea, as King Minos kept a strict watch on all vessels, permitting none to sail without being carefully searched. Since Minos controlled the land routes as well, Daedalus set to work to make wings for himself and his son Icarus. Using bird feathers of various sizes, thread, and wax, he shaped them to resemble a bird’s wings. When both were prepared for flight, Daedalus warned Icarus not to fly too high, because the heat of the sun would melt the wax, nor too low, because the sea foam would soak the feathers and make them heavy.
They had passed Samos, Delos and Lebynthos, and the boy, forgetting himself, began to soar upward toward the sun. The blazing sun melted and softened the wax that held the feathers together and they fell off one by one. Losing his wings, Icarus fell in the sea and drowned. Daedalus wept (lamenting his own arts), took Icarus’s body and buried it. He called the island near the place where Icarus fell into the ocean Icaria, in the memory of his son. The southeast end of the Aegean Sea (where Icarus fell into the water) was also called “Mare Icarium” or the Icarian Sea.
In a twist of karma, a partridge (the nephew Daedalus murdered) mocked Daedalus as he buried his son. The fall and death of Icarus is seemingly portrayed as punishment for Daedalus’s murder of his nephew. (Source: Wikipedia)