Closely related to ants and wasps, Honeybees are social insects of the genus Apis. They’re most famous for their production and storage of honey, and for their importance in the pollination of plants. While there are only 7 species of Honey Bee (from a bee species roster exceeding 20,000), their domestication has made them ubiquitous and they’re found on every continent except Antarctica.
A bee hive is focused around a single queen, attended by hundreds of drones and thouands of workers. Workers forage for nectar and pollen from flowers, the former of which is used to produce honey. Stored in hexagonal cells and capped with wax to keep it fresh, the honey is consumed by the bees when needed.
Honey is a mix of water (80-95%) and sucrose (5-20%). A protein enzyme called invertase in the bees honey stomach, breaks the sucrose down into two components, fructose and glucose. When around 75% of the water has been dehydrated out of the new mixture, honey is formed. Honey, along with pollination, means bees are incredibly important to the ecosystem, and to the human food supply.