One in the eye for Harold! Battle of Hastings is the latest pivotal battle in the Niue silver coin series

Time for the fourth coin in the New Zealand Mints successor series to its Warriors of History series – Battles That Changed History. With the first three coins set in a period of just 35 years from 1781 to 1815, we’re finally heading back to a whole new period with the pivotal Battle of Hastings. Occurring in 1066 in SE England, the battle cemented the control of Anglo-Saxon Britain by the Normans.

No surprises with the style and specification, this one sticking with the antique-finish and colour highlighting that has marked previous issues. Depicting the victor of the battle, William the Conqueror, against a view of the battle under way, this has been a great series of coins and a fine match for the earlier warrios coins.

Struck in an ounce of fine silver, the coin is packaged in a small wooden chest and supplied with a certificate of authenticity. Priced at $80.00 USD, the mintage remains at 5,000. Available later today from the NZ Mint webstore or from several of our sponsors. We’re expecting more of these next year. Our guide to this series where you can see all ther coins in more depth is up now and we’ll add this one to it.

2017 BATTLES THAT CHANGED HISTORY: BATTLE OF HASTINGS

THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS

The Battle of Hastings was fought on 14 October 1066 between the Norman-French army of William, the Duke of Normandy, and an English army under the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson, beginning the Norman conquest of England. It took place approximately 11 kilometres northwest of Hastings, close to the present-day town of Battle, East Sussex, and was a decisive Norman victory.

The background to the battle was the death of the childless King Edward the Confessor in January 1066, which set up a succession struggle between several claimants to his throne. Harold was crowned king shortly after Edward’s death, but faced invasions by William, his own brother Tostig and the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada (Harold III of Norway). Hardrada and Tostig defeated a hastily gathered army of Englishmen at the Battle of Fulford on 20 September 1066, and were in turn defeated by Harold at the Battle of Stamford Bridge five days later. The deaths of Tostig and Hardrada at Stamford Bridge left William as Harold’s only serious opponent. While Harold and his forces were recovering, William landed his invasion forces in the south of England at Pevensey on 28 September 1066 and established a beachhead for his conquest of the kingdom. Harold was forced to march south swiftly, gathering forces as he went.

The exact numbers present at the battle are unknown; modern estimates are around 10,000 for William and about 7,000 for Harold. The composition of the forces is clearer; the English army was composed almost entirely of infantry and had few archers, whereas only about half of the invading force was infantry, the rest split equally between cavalry and archers. Harold appears to have tried to surprise William, but scouts found his army and reported its arrival to William, who marched from Hastings to the battlefield to confront Harold. The battle lasted from about 9¬†am to dusk. Early efforts of the invaders to break the English battle lines had little effect; therefore, the Normans adopted the tactic of pretending to flee in panic and then turning on their pursuers. Harold’s death, probably near the end of the battle, led to the retreat and defeat of most of his army. After further marching and some skirmishes, William was crowned as king on Christmas Day 1066.

There continued to be rebellions and resistance to William’s rule, but Hastings effectively marked the culmination of William’s conquest of England. Casualty figures are hard to come by, but some historians estimate that 2,000 invaders died along with about twice that number of Englishmen. William founded a monastery at the site of the battle, the high altar of the abbey church supposedly placed at the spot where Harold died.

SPECIFICATION

NAME 2017 BATTLES THAT CHANGED HISTORY
DENOMINATION $2 NZD
COMPOSITION 0.999 silver
WEIGHT 31.1 grams
DIAMETER 40.00 mm
FINISH Antique
MODIFICATIONS Colour
MINTAGE 5,000
BOX / COA Yes / Yes
NEW ZEALAND MINT
By |2017-11-19T22:30:22+00:00November 20th, 2017|Categories: History, Coloured, Silver, NZ Mint, Niue Island|0 Comments

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